Consumer Health Databases
The National Library of Medicine, a part of the National Institutes of Health, created and maintains MedlinePlus to assist consumers in locating authoritative health information. The first place to go when seeking information MedlinePlus pages offer carefully selected links to web resources with health information on more than 900 topics. The A.D.A.M. medical encyclopedia includes images, videos, and over 4,000 brief articles. Drug and supplement information, a medical dictionary, patient education interactive tutorials, and links to health information in multiple languages are also provided.
PubMed Health https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/
PubMed Health provides information for consumers and clinicians on prevention and treatment of diseases and conditions. PubMed Health specializes in reviews of clinical effectiveness research, with easy-to-read summaries for consumers as well as full technical reports. Clinical effectiveness research finds answers to the question “What works?” in medical and health care. PubMed Health is a service provided by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
PubMed Health is based on systematic reviews of clinical trials. These clinical effectiveness reviews can show what treatments and prevention methods have been proven to work—and what remains unknown. PubMed Health provides summaries and full texts of selected systematic reviews in one place. The reviews were generally published or updated from 2003. There is also information for consumers and clinicians based on those reviews. A search on PubMed Health runs simultaneously in PubMed. A filter is used to identify all the indexed scientific articles at the NLM that might be systematic reviews. This search includes articles from before 2003.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
The CDC, a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, deals with preventing and controlling disease, injury and disability and its website ably reflects this mission. One of the best government websites on the Internet, its coverage is broad. Its "Diseases and Conditions" section covers major chronic and many infectious diseases including AIDS, bird flu, common childhood diseases like measles and more exotic diseases like Ebola. Birth defects, traveler's health, emergency preparedness, vaccine and immunization information, accidents and injury information, infectious diseases and workplace safety and health are all covered. Rich in information and colorfully illustrated, it also provides information in Spanish.
The Cleveland Clinic Health Information Center http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/default.aspx
Produced by the Cleveland Clinic to benefit patients, the general public, and healthcare professionals, this site offers nearly 5,000 articles, videos, podcasts and tools for managing your health. A Health Information Search Specialist can answer questions via a live chat service Monday through Friday, 10:00 am to 1:30 pm EST.
The content on FamilyDoctor.org is intended for all individuals who are seeking reliable health information and is written at a 6th to 8th grade reading level. Content specifically for children and teens is also available on the site. All information has been written and reviewed by physicians and patient education professionals at the American Academy of Family Physicians. Conditions and diseases can be searched by name, symptom, or age most commonly affected.
Managed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, healthfinder.gov provides reliable information culled from approximately 1,400 health-related organizations. Features of note include tools for finding health services and support, National Health Observances toolkits, and information about what is covered under health care reform.
Mayo Clinic http://www.mayoclinic.com/
MayoClinic.com offers a wealth of easy-to-understand health and medical information. In addition to comprehensive disease and condition guides the site includes descriptions of drugs, supplements, tests, and procedures; healthy living guides; a symptom checker; and expert blogs.
Net Wellness http://www.netwellness.org/
To ensure quality, NetWellness Experts (health professions faculty and staff from the University of Cincinnati, Case Western Reserve University, and The Ohio State University) create and evaluate information published on NetWellness. Experts periodically review our content. All information produced is date stamped with the latest revision date.
Mayo Clinic: Women’s Health http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/womens-health/basics/womens-health/hlv-20049411
Mayo Clinic is “a nonprofit worldwide leader in medical care, research, and education.” The Mayo website has three educational topics focused on women – Women’s Health, Breast Health, and Women’s Life Stages. Basic and in-depth information can be found for each topic including multimedia subject content. Links are provided from these topics to Mayo Expert Answers, resources, and news.
MedlinePlus: Women’s Health http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/womenshealth.html
The National Institutes of Health’s MedlinePlus is a free health information resource for the public produced by the National Library of Medicine, the world’s largest medical library. It provides access to information in easily understood language on more than 900 diseases, conditions, and wellness topics from trusted sources such as the National Institutes of Health, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Content includes basic as well as more in-depth coverage of topics, a medical encyclopedia, directories, handouts, statistics, laws and policies, and links to related government organizations. Research overviews and news, including free email subscription to Women’s Health updates, are available along with a link to clinical trials in women’s health that are or will be recruiting. Chinese, Korean, and Spanish versions available.
National Institutes of Health: Women’s Health http://health.nih.gov/category/WomensHealth
National Institutes of Health (NIH) is “the nation’s medical research agency.” Its Women’s Health webpage provides links to articles, guides, factsheets, and other resources on women’s health as well as related topics, by various institutes within the agency. A search can be done within the Women’s Health category as well as of all NIH health topics. NIH Health Topics A-Z browsing feature is also available.
National Institutes of Health, NIH Office of Research on Women’s Health: Women’s Health Resources— Women’s Health Resources from NIH. http://www.womenshealthresources.nlm.nih.gov/about.html
Women’s Health Resources is a service of the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health’s NIH Office of Research on Women’s Health (ORWH) that provides information on women’s health based on sex-based biomedical research. The diseases, disorders, and conditions that affect women are not just related to reproductive health but to all body systems. This is essential work as men and women may have different signs and symptoms, and also may have different reactions to medications and treatments.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women’s Health: womenshealth.gov http://womenshealth.gov/
Womenshealth.gov is a project of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office on Women’s Health. Its mission is “to provide leadership to promote health equity for women and girls through sex/gender-specific approaches” through national health policy, programs, education, and dissemination of health information for both professionals and the public.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration: For Consumers – For Women http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/byAudience/ForWomen/default.htm
As many medications may affect women differently than men, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) website For Women is an important source of information and advocacy. The FDA Office of Women’s Health (OWH) ensures that drug research includes women in the trials as per federal regulation, compiles and analyzes data, creates fact sheets, and performs outreach activities. This website provides information on several women’s health topics, medication safety tips for women, free publications, and news (news releases, hot topics, spotlight, and OWH news).
CDC Men's Health http://www.cdc.gov/men/
From the Centers for Disease Control, a website dedicated to men's health issues. This site offers a broad range of information aimed at both consumers and health professionals. There are links to hundreds of articles on topics ranging from alcohol to obesity to reproductive health and workplace safety. Healthy living tips, leading causes of death and health statistics are included.
MayoClinic.com-Men’s Health Center http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/mens-health/MC99999
The Mayo Clinic offers general health information for men, including preventive care. It also has interactive tools and answers to FAQs from Mayo Clinic specialists.
MedlinePlus- Men’s Health Topics http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/menshealth.html
The National Library of Medicine offers information on a variety of men’s health topics including circumcision, fertility, prostate disease, and testicular cancer. The site is available in Spanish and offers links to PubMed searches on men’s health information.
Urology Health (American Urological Association) http://www.urologyhealth.org/patientinfo/
This site provides information on a wide variety of urological conditions affecting men. It also has information about female and pediatric urological disorders.
The Nemours Foundation’s Center for Children’s Health provides current information about diseases and conditions, nutrition and fitness, developmental issues, and preventive health care. Information is available in English and Spanish, and is available as an audio version also. They offer information written specifically for parents, children, and teens.
American Academy of Pediatrics
The American Academy of Pediatrics provides information about health topics, diseases and conditions, child development, and child safety.
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health
The NICHD, a division of the National Institutes of Health, conducts research on the health of children and their families. The website presents information based on that research. It covers a wide range of topics. There are links to consumer-level information on more than 100 health topics as well as valuable information about participation in clinical research and NICHD public health campaigns.
This MedlinePlus page was created for teens and parents. There are links to information on nutrition, emotions, body image, alcohol, drugs, sexuality, and other topics of interest to teens.
SENIOR CITIZEN HEALTH
The AGS Foundation for Health in Aging http://www.healthinaging.org/
The American Geriatrics Society Foundation created this website to provide consumers and caregivers with up-to-date information on health and aging. Overseen by a team of experts on caring for older adults, HealthinAging.org content is based on resources that the American Geriatrics Society has developed for its professional members.
CDC’s Health Aging http://www.cdc.gov/aging/
The Center for Disease Control’s website has statistics and research information including the latest State of Aging and Health and State of Mental Health and Aging in America reports, information on the Healthy Brain Initiative and advance care planning and chronic disease management, and links to other articles, reports, and organizations.
Reviewed by Mayo Clinic staff this site has very readable articles on aging, conditions that often affect older adults, and healthy living. Articles are authoritative, short and, cover topics such as sex and intimacy and antiaging therapies that often aren’t found on other sites.
The official U.S. government website provides a wealth of information on Medicare health plans, drug coverage, and costs. It also offers tools to find whether a test, item, or service is covered and for finding doctors, providers, hospitals, plans, and suppliers. Online forms are provided for applying to the program, replacing a Medicare card, or changing an address.
MedlinePlus Seniors’ Health http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/seniorshealthissues.html
Created by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), this website comprises links to reliable health information throughout the web. It provides access to the latest news, overviews of senior health issues, research, statistics, aging organizations, clinical trials, and more. Links also guide you to pre-formatted article searches on PubMed.
National Institute on Aging http://www.nia.nih.gov/
NIA leads a broad scientific effort to understand the nature of aging and to extend the healthy, active years of life and is the primary Federal agency supporting and conducting Alzheimer's disease research. Information and tips on healthy aging is included. Resources are available in both English and Spanish. Health and aging organization database lists more than 350 national organizations that provide help to older people.
NIH Senior Health http://nihseniorhealth.gov/
This website for older adults makes aging-related health information easily accessible for those seeking reliable, easy to understand online health information. Well-illustrated and readable, it includes many short videos and links out to other sites for additional information. It also allows increases in contrast as well as size of type for easier viewing.
DRUG INFORMATION RESOURCES
DailyMed provides reliable information about marketed drugs. It offers the FDA-approved labels (package inserts) as well as the chemical formulas, composition, and physical description of the drug.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) http://www.fda.gov
The FDA oversees the regulation of pharmaceutical and food products as well as medical devices. The site has both professional and consumer information on topics such as specific drugs, taking medications safely, buying generic drugs, and saving money on prescriptions. It also includes a guide to buying drugs safely online, information about recalls and product safety, and post-market drug safety information.
NLM Drug Portal http://druginfo.nlm.nih.gov/drugportal/drugportal.jsp
The NLM Drug Portal offers a comprehensive database of prescription and non-prescription drugs, including vitamins and supplements. Users may search by generic or brand name and obtain information from the NLM databases, the FDA, the DEA, and other government sources.
Needy Meds http://www.needymeds.org
This is a clearinghouse for information about the various assistance programs available from pharmaceutical manufacturers for patients who cannot afford medications. It also has information about government assistance programs and coupons.
This site for consumers from the PDR includes information about prescription and nonprescription drugs, herbal medicines, and supplements. It also has information about diseases and conditions, surgery, treatment options, and clinical trials.
RxList -The Internet Drug Index http://www.rxlist.com
This site has information about prescription and non-prescription drugs, herbs, and supplements, searchable by generic and brand name. It also has a useful pill identifier tool, information and slide shows about diseases and health topics, and a medical dictionary.
AIDSinfo, a service of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), offers access to the latest, federally approved HIV/AIDS medical practice guidelines, HIV treatment and prevention clinical trials, and other research information for health care providers, researchers, people affected by HIV/AIDS, and the general public.
Alzheimer’s Association http://www.alz.org/
Information for those diagnosed with Alzheimer’s, caregivers, and health professionals make this the comprehensive resource on Alzheimer’s disease. Fact sheets, information on diagnosis and management, planning ahead, a glossary and information in multiple languages are included. Message boards provide support and additional information sharing.
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org/for-the-public/
On this site, "Dermatology A-Z" gives extensive information on the most common skin and nail conditions from acne to warts. Also included are sections on health and beauty, about dermatology and one “For Kids;” a video series; and a find a dermatologist search tool.
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.gov
Provides basic information about cancer and what causes it, as well as in-depth information about specific types of cancer, their risk factors, early detection, diagnosis, and treatment options. Includes a search tool for finding a local chapter by zip code or city and state. The site links to several online communities. Comprehensive information provided in Spanish; limited information provided in Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese.
American Dental Association-Mouth Healthy http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/
Mouth Healthy is the American Dental Association’s consumer website. Arranged by life stage, sections include healthy habits, top concerns, nutrition and fact or fiction information. Includes list ADA Seal of Acceptance products, A-Z dental health topics, top 10 dental symptom slideshow, and a section “For Kids” with activities and games to help kids learn the importance of good oral health care procedures, even games and animations for children and classroom resources for teachers. Also provides find a dentist search tool and a section in Spanish.
American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org/
Extensive interactive tools add value and interest to this lively website. Diabetes assessment tools, recipes, weight-loss and exercise advice, latest diabetes research and a professional section add additional information. Information about ADA books, a message board, an email newsletter and information in Spanish are also included.
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/
Extensive information on heart disease and stroke, children’s health, healthy lifestyle, care giving, a heart and stroke encyclopedia and information in Spanish make this the premier source for information on these conditions. There is also a link to the website of American Stroke Association, a division of the American Heart Association, which shares some of the same information on its website at www.strokeassociation.org. Local area events and local chapters are covered and some scientific and professional materials are also available.
American Lung Association http://www.lung.org/
This is an excellent site with information on lung diseases, tobacco control, and air quality. Attractive and easy to use, it has special sections on lung cancer, asthma, COPD, influenza, how the lungs function and a lung disease finder tool. There is a search by zip code for local chapter information, sign-up for a free email newsletter, information in Spanish and a section on current research.
Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America http://www.aafa.org
Information, advocacy, research and "Ask the Allergist" email feature make this an extremely useful website. Also included are a pollen count by zip code feature, and information on clinical trials, new treatments, local chapter and support groups. Some patient brochures can be downloaded as well as ordered via the mail (with a few of them in Spanish).
Joslin Diabetes Center http://www.joslin.org/
Joslin Diabetes Center, based in Boston, Massachusetts, (Harvard Medical Center) undertakes diabetes research, clinical care, education and health and wellness programs on a global scale. Joslin is dedicated to ensuring that people with diabetes live long, healthy lives and offers real progress in preventing and curing diabetes. Joslin is an independent, nonprofit institution affiliated with Harvard Medical School, and is recognized worldwide for driving innovative solutions in diabetes prevention, research, education, and care.
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
Extensive information on types of cancer, treatments, coping with cancer, a dictionary of cancer terms, the NCI drug dictionary, cancer statistics, clinical trials, cancer prevention, genetics, and full text of NCI fact sheets form this important website. There is a link to PDQ (Physicians Data Query), which is NCI's comprehensive databases of cancer information and treatment for physicians. A telephone help line, live online chat service and email help support the extensive information found here. Information is also available in Spanish.
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://www.niddk.nih.gov/Pages/default.aspx
The NDDIC site has an A to Z list of digestive disease topics and titles illustrated with drawings, statistics, list of clinical trials, links to patient organizations, and government agencies and resources. Special sections of easy to-read information and information in Spanish are included.
National Eye Institute Health Information http://www.nei.nih.gov/health
A diagram of the eye, a glossary of vision-related terms, fact sheets and videos on eye diseases and disorders make this site especially useful. A database of eye health organizations, tips on finding an eye care professional and on financial aid for eye care, as well as information in Spanish.
National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/
The NHLBI site provides extensive information on conditions that affect the heart, blood vessels, lungs and blood, as well as sleep disorders. Health assessment tools, educational tutorials and videos provide useful additional information. Full text color versions of data fact sheets are also available. Information for healthcare professionals is included.
National Institute on Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases http://www.niams.nih.gov/
An alphabetical index in English and Spanish for fact sheets on specific conditions and disorders is available. Some fact sheets in Chinese are provided. Publication and revision dates are included to ensure up to date information. Links to clinical trials and journal articles are also available.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Mental Health Topics http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/index.shtml
This site provides information about the causes, signs and symptoms, treatment and resources available for mental illnesses. Booklets, easy-to-read brochures, and fact sheets are provided in English and Spanish. The latest news on mental illness, help in locating services, a link to clinical trials and pre-formatted Medline searches for the latest information add to the usefulness of this site.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) http://www.ninds.nih.gov
Extensive information on neurological disorders is provided at this website. The Disorders Index provides an alphabetic list of hundreds of neurological conditions, their treatments, prognosis, clinical research and contact information for organizations concerned with the condition. Clicking on the link to research literature under each condition leads you to a PubMed search on the condition. An accessible version of the web page is also provided. A news feed, list of patient resources and organizations and Spanish versions of some fact sheets on disorders can also be found at the NINDS website.
National Stroke Association http://www.stroke.org/
This site provides excellent information on the symptoms of stroke, risk factors, prevention, and recovery. Information for stroke survivors, caregivers and families, and healthcare professionals is provided. Materials available in Spanish.
The consumer site of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, OrthoInfo’s information is presented by body site and by category. Injury prevention, osteoarthritis, sports and exercise, joint replacement, and tumors are covered thoroughly. Materials in Spanish and a directory of orthopedic specialists by name, city, zip code and country are also provided.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) http://www.samhsa.gov/
SAMHSA's mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities. This website provides information about substance abuse and mental health prevention, treatment, recovery, and several treatment finding tools.
USEFUL WEB SITES
AMA Doctor Finder https://extapps.ama-assn.org/doctorfinder/recaptcha.jsp
DoctorFinder provides you with basic professional information on most licensed physicians in the United States. This includes more than 814,000 medical doctors (MDs) and osteopaths (DOs). AMA member physicians are offered an expanded listing that contains additional information such as office hours, accepted insurance providers, educational history and other information.
CenterWatch provides information on active clinical trials for both professionals and patients. It is searchable by disease categories and geographic area. All of the trials listed are open (enrolling new patients).
Clinical Trials is a registry and results database of publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants conducted around the world. It provides easy access to information about the location of clinical trials, their design and purpose, criteria for participation and additional disease and treatment information.
Household Products Database http://hpd.nlm.nih.gov/
Learn more about what's under your kitchen sink, in your garage, in your bathroom, and on the shelves in your laundry room. Information about these products, their potential health effects, and safety and handling is included.
DATABASES TO SEARCH FOR MEDICAL LITERATURE
PubMed offers free, online access to the National Institute of Medicine’s MEDLINE databases. The site provides access to citations and abstracts from biomedical literature and additional life science journals. Links are provided when full text versions of the articles are available via PubMed Central (described below) or other websites.
PubMed Central (PMC) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
PubMed is a digital archive of free full-text biomedical and life sciences journal literature, including clinical medicine and public health.
National Guideline Clearinghouse http://www.guideline.gov/
The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC), an initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is a public resource of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Guidelines can be searched by topic including disease/condition, treatment/intervention, and health services administration, and by organization providing the guideline.
Medscape from WebMD offers health care professionals integrated medical information and educational tools. After free registration and subject selection, Medscape compiles a specialty site that fits your registration profile. Original, professional medical content, including review articles, journal commentary, expert columns, patient education articles, and book reviews are displayed.
Public Library of Science http://www.plos.org/
The Public Library of Science (PLoS) is a nonprofit organization with a mission of transforming scientific and medical research communication. Every article PLoS publishes, whether submitted to or created by PLoS, is published under an open access license that allows unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
2013 CAPHIS Top 100 List Health Websites You Can Trust. (2013, January 1). Retrieved February 9, 2015, from http://caphis.mlanet.org/consumer/top100all.pdf