Topic updated: April 2013

Sleep Disorders

A number of sleep disorders can disrupt your sleep quality and make
you overly sleepy during the day, even if you spent enough time in
bed to be well rested.

More than 70 sleep disorders affect at least 40 million Americans and account for an estimated $16 billion in medical costs each year, not counting costs due to lost work time, car accidents, and other factors.
The four most common sleep disorders are insomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, and narcolepsy. Additional sleep problems include chronic insuficient sleep, circadian rhythm abnormalities, and “parasomnias” such as sleep walking, sleep paralysis, and night terrors.

Also keep in mind that, although children can show some of these signs of a sleep disorder, they often do not show signs of excessive daytime sleepiness. Instead, they may seem overactive and have dificulty focusing and concentrating. They also may not do their best in school.

Read more in this excellent booklet "Your Guide to Healthy Sleep" published by the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Please also see our HealthyNJ pages for Insomnia and Sleep Apnea.

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